5 cartoon people from different ethnic backgrounds.  One is in a wheelchair and 2 of them are wearing glasses

Special Educational Needs

A child or young person has special educational needs if they have a learning difficulty or a disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for them.

Special Educational Provision

Special educational provision is any educational or training provision that is:

  • additional to, or different from, than made generally for other children or young people of the same age.

This is a wide definition.  It could cover a wide range of things. For example, having materials provided in a larger font.

Learning Difficulty

A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if they:

  • Have a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or
  • Have a disability which prevents them from making use of facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post-16 institutions.

Reasonable adjustments

Reasonable adjustments are changes that organisations and people providing services or public functions have to make for you.  This is if your disability puts you at a disadvantage compared with others who are not disabled.